Themes & Topics

The focus of ARCTIS is on non-living Arctic resources (oil, gas, coal, and minerals), shipping and other means of transport, infrastructure development, and innovative logistics solutions.

All of these topics and others are dealt with in the 330-pages report “Shipping in Arctic Waters” completed in May of 2010 by Ocean Futures for CHNL and with financial support from CHNL and Innovation Norway (Østereng et al., 2010). This report (with updates) will provide the current foundation for the ARCTIS database together with other recent study reports such as AMSA (Arctic Maritime Shipping Assessment, 2009), ARCOP (Arctic Operational Platform, 2006), and many other.

The information provided by the database can be divided into the following topics or themes (not a complete list):

1.      Arctic Geopolitics

Current and future economic and political drivers in the Arctic
Social infrastructure in the High North
Social and cultural issues likely to arise as marine access increases in the Arctic
Indigenous peoples interests, concerns and rights in the Arctic
Sovereignty issues in Arctic waters
Shipping trends and trade flows in the Arctic


2.      Arctic Resources & Infrastructure

Arctic ports and terminalsLand-based transshipment hubs
Floating transshipment hubs
Roads and rail transport systems
Pipeline systems
Oil refineries and LNG facilities
Mineral industries and ore smelting
Transport systems for oil
Statistics on oil production and transport volumes
Transport systems for natural gas
Statistics on natural gas production and transport volumes
Transport systems for coal
Statistics on coal production and transport volumes
Transport systems for ores/minerals
Statistics on mineral/ore production and transport volumes
Shipping companies
Offshore service providers
Oil and gas companies
Mining companies
Location and characteristics of hydrocarbon resources
Location and characteristics of mineral resources


3.      Arctic Marine Transport & Logistics

The legal and regulatory framework for ship operations in Arctic watersTechnical design requirements for ships
Ice classes
The Polar Code and IMO Guidelines
Icebreaker assistance
Other costs and fees
Ice navigation
Types and morphology of Arctic sea-ice
Ship operational challenges in Arctic waters
Crew and ice navigators training and competence requirements
Bathometry maps
Regional sea-ice maps
Model predictions of the extent and thickness of sea-ice
Aids to navigation
Communication systems
Emergency preparedness
Search & rescue (SAR) and emergency assistance
Security issues in the Arctic
Oil spills and marine pollution prevention
Clean-up technologies
Demonstrations/case studies on shipping in ice-infested waters
Arctic sea route optimizations and route planning
Operational and risk management


4.      Navigation on Arctic Sea Routes

Operational challenges when navigating on the Northeast Passage and NSR
Operational challenges when navigating on the Northwest Passage
Operational challenges when navigating along the Trans Polar Passage
Intra-Arctic and Destination Arctic Routes

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